Cancer I could deal with. Losing my breast I could not

When Joanna Moorhead found out she had breast cancer, a mastectomy seemed the best option. So why did she pull out of the operation at the last minute?

Cancer I could deal with. Losing my breast I could not

When Joanna Moorhead found out she had breast cancer, a mastectomy seemed the best option. So why did she pull out of the operation at the last minute?

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Let’s call the pro-lifers what they are: pro-death

On the 45th anniversary of Roe v Wade, its time to highlight a hidden truth: restricting abortion means more maternal deaths

Let’s call the pro-lifers what they are: pro-death

On the 45th anniversary of Roe v Wade, its time to highlight a hidden truth: restricting abortion means more maternal deaths

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I have cancer. Don’t tell me you’re sorry | Elizabeth Wurtzel

Everyone else can hate cancer. I dont. Everyone else can be afraid of cancer. I am not, writes Elizabeth Wurtzel

I have cancer. Don’t tell me you’re sorry

Everyone else can hate cancer. I dont. Everyone else can be afraid of cancer. I am not, writes Elizabeth Wurtzel

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‘Name a bitch badder than Taylor Swift’ memes are endless

Taylor Swift, who is apparently not so bad.
Image: Mark Metcalfe/Getty Images

Despite Taylor Swift’s grand attempt at rebranding her reputation from “innocent girl who cries teardrops on her guitar while writing love songs in her room” to “bad bitch who sits on golden throne surrounded by snakes,” the internet still doesn’t think she’s that bad.

A hilarious new meme, started after Twitter user “Nutella” challenged people to “Name a badder bitch than Taylor Swift,” has shown that people feel just about anyone — even fictional children’s show star Dora the Explorer — has a more rep as a badass than the singer.

In response to the Taylor tweet, Twitter users eagerly shared other iconic women from the entertainment industry, politics, and history, along with family members, activists, and of course, a few dogs ferociously carrying knives.

While it seems Swift’s actions have still not earned her the title “bad bitch,” her latest album Reputation sold over one million copies in the U.S. its first week, which is pretty impressive.

(Still not as impressive as simply being a mom, though.)

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The dos and don’ts of being a first lady: from Jackie Kennedy to Melania Trump

Now she has officially left New York to follow her husband to Washington, how will Mrs Trump navigate life in the White House?

Ever since her husband was elected president of the United States, theres been speculation about how much Melania Trump really wants to 1) be The Donalds wife; 2) take on the duties of first lady. Not least because it has taken the former model more than a month to move into the White House, which she and her son Barron finally did this week. Barron marked the occasion by wearing a T-Shirt reading The Expert, already now sold out.

Im no expert but, Id wager that despite this move, recent events suggest the answer to question one might still be: very little. During the Trumps first official international trip, to the Middle East and Europe, much was made of Melania twice batting away Trumps outstretched hand (also very little). But while Melania appeared unwilling to hold her husbands hand, it looked like she was finally getting a handle on the whole first lady thing. She has spent much of Trumps presidency shunning the spotlight, leading many to wonder whether Ivanka might be assuming the role of a surrogate first lady. On this first foreign foray, however, Melania seemed to come out of her shell. She bantered with the Pope and visited sick children; Anita McBride, who was chief of staff to first lady Laura Bush, told CNN that when she saw Melania step off Air Force Once with Trump, she looked fully prepared for her role.

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The female journalists defying taboos and braving death threats in Afghanistan | Sune Engel Rasmussen

The countrys first female-run radio station was looted and its staff persecuted but, despite the risks, women in the media are making their voices heard

When Radio Shaista goes silent, you know the Taliban are close. The female-run radio station was looted and wrecked when the group captured Kunduz, Afghanistans embattled northern city, in 2015, sending journalists fleeing. Even after the Taliban were routed, female journalists have been on guard, if they ever returned, that is.

Zarghoona Hassan, Radio Shaistas director, fled after armed militants knocked on her door at home. They accused her of converting listeners to Christianity and announced a date for her execution.

She says the Talibans anger was fuelled by talk of empowering women. The radio broadcast discussions with religious scholars about womens rights and called on mothers of Taliban combatants to prevent their sons from fighting.

We had conversations about women studying, and talked about female pilots, says Hassan.

Hassan now splits her time between Kunduz and the capital, Kabul. Since 2015 she has shut down her radio station twice in fear of Taliban advances.

A vibrant media is one of the great successes of post-2001 Afghanistan. However, womens position in it is fragile. For many Afghan families, when security worsens, protection of women overrides most other concerns.

[When we started], women flocked to the radio to work, even for free. But when the Taliban came closer, around 2012, peoples attitude changed, says Hassan, who founded two other radio stations in Kunduz. Many women in Kunduz want to work in media but their families wont let them.

This anxiety highlights the complexities around western endeavours to empower Afghan women, particularly outside liberal, urban classes. And when efforts to promote human rights do make Afghan women visible, they are usually cast as victims.

One magazine is hoping to change that. In May, the first issue of Gellara, Afghanistans first womens lifestyle magazine, hit the newsstands.

Until now, the media mostly focused on women facing violence, baad [compensating for a crime by giving a woman away in marriage], and women who had their faces cut, says Fatana Hassanzada, 23, the magazines founder and editor. We want to portray other faces of women.

Modelled on international magazines like Vogue, Gellara addresses Afghan women as consumers of fashion and culture, as book readers and as love seekers. As human beings, says Hassanzada.

The cover of the first monthly issue, 2,000 copies of which were printed at offices in Kabul, features Canadian-Afghan singer Mozhdah Jamalzadah, her hair unveiled. Inside, articles on breast cancer and yoga follow pieces on Iranian film and beauty.

We want to show that a woman can have a pretty face and be well dressed. We are trying to teach society not to be shocked by these things, says content editor Aziza Karimi.

Perhaps most controversial, in a country where arranged marriages are still widely enforced, is an introduction to the dating app Tinder.

When asked how that would go down in conservative rural areas, Hassanzada laughs. We try to target everyone. There is something for the cities and something for the villages, she says, while recognising that many rural women would probably only see the magazine if their husbands brought it home.

Producers in the editing room of Afghanistans first womens TV channel, Zan TV. Photograph: Hedayatullah Amid/EPA

This month, Afghanistan also saw the launch of Zan TV (Womens TV), the first channel dedicated to women. Female presenters are common on Afghan television, but Zan is the first with all-female newsreaders (though its owner is a man).

Mehria Afzali, 25, a presenter, says her parents opposed her working in media until her husband convinced them. Some people in the provinces believe women on TV are destroying the unity of the family, she says. But we wear proper hijab. We are an Islamic channel.

Conditions for Afghan journalists are deteriorating. Last year was the bloodiest for media workers since 2001, according to the Afghan Journalists Safety Committee.

Though cities offer a larger, liberal audience, they are not always safe. A few years ago, Hassanzada, then a TV presenter, fled to Kabul from Mazar-i-Sharif with her family after a group of men stabbed her younger brother in the street, demanding that she stop working.

In Kabul, she faces threats, too. On a visit to Kabul University this week to promote the magazine, students from the Islamic law faculty tried to intervene, calling the magazine infidel, before security blocked them.

Hassanzada says she would not go back to the university. But three of our reporters study there. I am worried something will happen to them.

Yet, she says, reporting on controversial topics is worth the risk. We are the second generation of democracy in Afghanistan. In a revolution, there will always be sacrifices.

These issues are not dangerous. Its society thats dangerous.

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Can the contraceptive pill protect women from cancer?

New research backs up earlier claims that the pill may have some anti-cancer benefits, and suggests the protection might even last for decades

Who is suggesting that the pill might protect women from cancer as well asfrom pregnancy?

The University of Aberdeen, which has been analysing results from the Oral Contraception Study set up by the UK Royal College of General Practitioners more than 40 years ago. There have always been concerns about the mass medication of healthy women, and ithas more often been the risks and harms of the pill, rather than its benefits, that have been trumpeted.

So which cancers does the pill protect women from?

The pill protects women from endometrial cancer cancer of the womb ovarian and bowel cancer. That had been established. But this, the longest-ever study, says that protection lasts up to 35 years after women stop taking it, and that there are no other cancers connected to it in the long-term.

But doesnt the pill increase the risk of breast cancer?

Yes, while taking it, but women on the pill are generally young and have a low risk of breast cancer, unless they have afamily history. Asmall increase on a small risk is not much to worry about, and the increased risk disappears within five years of coming off the pill. There is also a small increased risk of cervical cancer, but that also disappears within five years of stopping.

Did the study discover anything else?

Yes. It found that women who take thepill are no more likely to get other sorts of cancers in later life than women who dont. So, in relation to cancer, researchers say the pill is very safe in thelong term.

What have other researchers found?

Researchers at Oxford University published a major review in 2008, which showed that the pill reduced the risk of ovarian cancer by 20% for every five years that a woman took it. Those on it for 15 years cut their risk in half. Thats an attractive idea, because ovarian cancer is not easily detected at an early stage, and kills two-thirds of those who get it. The Oxford scientists published inthe Lancet, which ran an editorial calling for the pillto be available over the counter, as opposed to prescription-only, thereby removing a huge and unnecessary barrier to a potentially powerful cancer-preventing agent.

In 2015, the same team published afurther review on the protection thepill provided against endometrial cancer. Protection lasted for at least 30years, said Prof Valerie Beral. Womenin their 70s were still being protected due to taking the pill earlier in life. It is time to start saying that not only does it prevent pregnancy, which is why people take it, but you should know you are less likely to get cancer than women who dont take thepill, Beral said.

Why would the pill protect from cancer?

Female hormones are implicated in anumber of cancers. The pill contains alow dose of the hormone oestrogen, which is linked to breast and cervical cancer, so it raises these risks, as does HRT (hormone-replacement therapy), which is given to women dealing with menopausal symptoms. But it also contains progesterone, which is knownto be protective against endometrial cancer.

Arent there other risks involved in taking the pill?

Yes, although the NHS says they are small and that for most women, the benefits of the pill outweigh the risks. There is a slight increased risk of stroke because oestrogen can cause blood to clot more readily. In the leg, that can cause deep-vein thrombosis. Clots can also form in the lung or cause a stroke orheart attack. The NHS has a list of conditions that make taking the pill more risky, and says that if women havemore than one of them, they should find another form of contraception. They include being over 35, being asmoker, being very overweight and having high blood pressure.

So does this mean most women should take the pill for a while in their youth?

If women want to use the pill to prevent pregnancy, the anti-cancer effect is an added bonus, and might make it a more attractive form of contraception. But no medicine is without any side effects at all, and for a small number of people, the pill is a more risky option.

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How breast cancer and the BRCA gene brought us the sister we never knew

For Tamsin and Lorna, discovering their half-sister was good news at a time of gruelling treatments and agonising choices over preventive surgery

Like all sisters, Tamsin and Lorna Sargeant and Claire Pike are linked by their genes. But in their case, one gene has dominated their relationship; in fact, it was responsible for bringing them together for the very first time. In this picture of the three of them smiling in the sunshine they look happy and carefree but the gene that brought them together has led to a huge amount of heartache, and desperately difficult decisions.

The story that united these sisters begins one day in spring 2009, when Tamsin, then 40, noticed a strange thickening under the skin of her chest, just below her collarbone. She went to her GP, who knew immediately it was serious. Sure enough, tests revealed a large tumour that had spread to her lymph nodes.

It was shocking and scary: but Tamsin knew she would get through. Her sister Lorna was a big support: the two had been raised by their mother, Jennie, and stepfather, Ralph, who had died a few months before her cancer came to light.

Tamsin had chemotherapy to shrink the tumour, followed by a lumpectomy and radiotherapy. She carried on with her job as a social worker as much as possible as well as caring for her then two-year-old daughter, Esm, with her partner, Tom. By early 2010, it seemed she had put breast cancer behind her and moved on with her life.

But she hadnt. At some point, her oncologist raised the possibility of whether Tamsin might be a carrier of one of the most common breast cancer genes, BRCA1 or BRCA2. We had always been a bit worried about breast cancer in our family, on my mums side, because my grandmother and an aunt had it. But from the pattern of the disease in our family, the doctor said it was unlikely the BRCA gene was in our family.

All the same, Tamsin agreed to take part in some medical research that meant being tested for BRCA. She was asked to fill in a detailed questionnaire about her family history, which meant contacting someone she had barely seen since she was a small child: her birth father, Clive, who had split up with her mother when she and Lorna were very young. I hardly remembered Clive, and Id always regarded Ralph as my dad, says Tamsin. But I had Clives email address, so I wrote to him to ask for information about anyone on his side of the family who had had breast cancer.

Clives reply contained a bombshell. Not only had his sister and other members of his family had breast cancer, but he had another female relative to tell Tamsin about: a half-sister she had not known existed Claire, the daughter of another relationship.

The news was exciting, and unexpected, and Tamsin hoped they might get to know one another. But first, she felt she needed to rule out the possibility, however unlikely her oncologist thought it was, that her family might be BRCA carriers. I was very interested in Claire, and keen to meet her, but I felt it was my responsibility, for her and for Lorna, to make absolutely sure I didnt have this gene, says Tamsin. Id been through a horrible experience, and I thought the least I could do for them was make sure it wasnt a big risk for them, too.

The test results took a long time, but Tamsin wasnt too worried. So when in March 2011 she went along to the Royal Marsden hospital to be told she was, after all, a carrier of BRCA1, the news was utterly devastating. It was worse than being told I had cancer in the first place. By this stage, my hair had grown back and I felt my life was back to normal: now I was told I had a 50:50 chance of getting breast cancer again, and that I should consider the possibility of having a double mastectomy to reduce the risk.

But on top of that, I now had to tell Claire and Lorna that they, too, might be carriers and then they, too, would be at high risk of breast cancer.

A BRCA gene mutation isnt the most common cause of breast cancer. According to Martin Ledwick of Cancer Research UK, fewer than one in 10 cases of the disease are linked to it. But where the gene is identified, theres a higher risk of getting breast cancer. Up to 65% of women who carry the BRCA1 gene, and 45% of women who carry the BRCA2 gene will develop breast cancer by the age of 70, he says. So while it doesnt mean cancer is a given, it does mean its worth considering preventive surgery a double mastectomy to reduce the risk of breast cancer, and an oophorectomy, to reduce the risk of ovarian cancer, which is also higher in BRCA carriers.

Although she knows it wasnt rational, and that she cant possibly be held responsible for it, Tamsin says she felt the weight of responsibility of having to tell her sisters about the gene. They had seen what Id gone through, and I knew they would now be thinking, will I have all those horrible experiences ahead of me, too? Like Tamsin, they had choices to make: and the first was whether to be tested for the gene.

Whats interesting in a family is that different people react totally differently to the same piece of news, says Tamsin. It wasnt just Lorna and Claire there were others affected, relatives on Clives side of the family and my mum and her relatives. Some people wanted to have the test so they knew one way or the other; others preferred to wait and see; others wanted to have surveillance so any tumour would be discovered as early as possible.

For Tamsin, there was a different dilemma. I had to think about whether to have a double mastectomy. At first, I was completely opposed to that: I really wanted to keep my breasts, they felt like such an important part of me. Also, Id had enough of hospitals and medical treatment.

Eventually, though, she decided to have the operation. Ive got a young child, and I thought I owed it to her and Tom to do everything I could to reduce my risk of a further cancer, she says.

When the operation took place, in February 2012, there was more bad news: Tamsin already had a second cancer in her other breast. More chemotherapy followed, as well as a failed reconstruction; and because the cancer had spread to her lymph nodes, these also had to be removed. Things seemed to go from bad to worse and all the time, I knew my sisters, as well as supporting me, were thinking this could be what lay ahead for them, says Tamsin.

After her double mastectomy in 2012, she had her ovaries removed the following year. But this is another operation you dont just walk away from there are big consequences to it. You go through an early menopause and its life-changing, she says. I like the fact that Angelina Jolie, who made the same choices as me, brought the BRCA gene to everyones attention, but I dont think the suffering that goes with it has been fully appreciated.

Meanwhile, first Claire, and then Lorna, had decided to be tested. For Claire, who is 37, it took a while for the enormity of the news that she might be affected by the BRCA gene to sink in. Id never met my birth father, Clive, but my mum had told me that somewhere out there I had two half-sisters, she says. And then one day Mum came round and said she needed to talk to me about something: Clive had contacted her about Tamsin having the gene. This was before Angelina Jolie, so I had no idea what it meant but I was worried.

My GP referred me to a geneticist, and after counselling I decided to have the test Ive got a young son, and felt I needed all the information I could get. Six weeks later, she got the news that she, too, was a carrier. By this stage, Tamsin had had her preventive surgery and found out she had cancer again so I decided it was too much of a risk not to have the operation. She had a double mastectomy and reconstruction in 2013, and has just had her ovaries removed.

Lorna, who is 45, was the last of the three sisters to be tested. Im the kind of person whos happy trundling along, so I thought I didnt want to know, she says. But after a couple of years I was worrying about every little bump and ailment and whether it was cancer.

She decided to have the test in March 2014. Ive never told my sisters this, but I was worried that I might be the only one of us who didnt have the gene. It sounds odd, but I thought Id feel guilty having to tell them I was BRCA-free. Sadly, she didnt have to: she, too, tested positive.

Id already decided to have the surgery, she says. I didnt want to live with this ticking time-bomb.

For all three sisters, being brought together has been a silver lining to the dark cloud of BRCA but they dont want to minimise that cloud, or what its meant to their lives. Its been a very tough journey, and although its been wonderful to get to know Claire, the impact of the gene has coloured everything, says Tamsin. Apart from anything, theres always been one or other or us going through major surgery.

Claire says having two new sisters has been a brilliant boon to her life. Lorna and I live quite near one another in Manchester and Cheshire, so its been great being able to meet up. When I was a teenager, I used to wonder about these sisters I knew nothing about, so its wonderful to have got to know them eventually. And given what weve had to face up to, its great that all of us know exactly what the others are going through weve always had someone to talk to who understands.

Lorna agrees: Weve had one another and been able to compare scars and nipples and lack of nipples, she says. My big hope now is that, at some point in the future, we can put BRCA into the box where it belongs, and just enjoy our lives together.

Tamsin, Claire and Lorna are supporting Cancer Research UKs Right Now campaign to beat cancer sooner. To support them, visit

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10 things you wanted to know about my abortion but were too afraid to ask.

Abortions are common.

That’s just a fact. Although we don’t talk about it a lot publicly, 1 in 3 women will have an abortion in their lifetimes.

But even though terminating a pregnancy is a fairly ordinary health decision, there’s still a lot of misinformation out there about the procedure and women’s own experiences mostly because of the immense stigma that surrounds abortion.

In many cases, women don’t feel comfortable talking about their abortions because they don’t want to be shamed or ridiculed.

I had an abortion this year, and it was one of the best decisions I’ve ever made in my life.

I wasn’t ready to have a kid, I didn’t want to be pregnant, and my partner fully supported my choice. Although sometimes people say terminating a pregnancy is “the hardest choice a woman can make,” it was a fairly easy decision for me.

Now that it’s over, though, I want to demystify the whole thing as much as I can. So here are 10 things you wanted to know about abortions but were too afraid to ask:

1. What was your abortion like?

I got my abortion on a Saturday morning at a clinic owned by an independent provider. When my boyfriend drove up to the clinic, there were protesters outside, but it was easy enough to ignore them. I was at the clinic for about five hours, but the procedure itself lasted only five minutes.

As soon as I got there, a nurse gave me pills to take antibiotics, pills to soften my cervix, anti-nausea medication, a pain pill, and an oral sedation pill. I passed the next few hours reading, chatting with other patients, and nodding off in my chair (the sedation meds work, by the way).

When it was time for the actual procedure, I went into a normal-looking exam room. The nurse gave me IV sedation, which put me into a half-awake/half-asleep state.

Then the doctor inserted a thin tube into my uterus, which felt like a pinch, and turned on the aspiration machine to empty the contents of my uterus. I felt some pressure and pain. Then, before I knew it, it was over. I sat in a comfy recliner in the recovery room until my ride came.

2. How much did it hurt?

It hurt a little bit during the actual procedure, but it was nothing major (and definitely nothing compared to childbirth!). I had cramps on and off for the next few days, but they were no worse than period cramps.

3. How much did it cost?

Because I was only six weeks along, my abortion cost $550 but that cost goes up for people who are farther along. I’m also lucky because I live a few miles away from my clinic, so my boyfriend just dropped me off. Lots of pregnant people have to travel hundreds of miles, find lodging, and miss work when they get an abortion.

For patients who can’t afford their procedure, abortion funds provide grants to help cover the cost.

4. Why did you get a surgical abortion instead of taking the abortion pill?

Some people decide to take the abortion pill because then they can go home and miscarry in private. But I wanted to walk into the clinic pregnant and leave with all of it behind me. It’s just a matter of preference.

5. Did you feel ashamed afterward?

I wondered if I would, but I didn’t. I’ve been pro-choice for as long as I’ve known about abortion, and I felt comfortable with my decision. A lot of women do have complex feelings about their abortions, and that’s OK too. But no one should have to feel ashamed for making a decision that is right for them. I hope that the more we talk about this, the less shame we’ll all feel.

6. What was recovery like?

Honestly, it was a little annoying. For the week after the procedure, I bled as though I was on my period. And even though the cramps were mild, they weren’t fun. Also, you can’t put anything in your vagina or have sex for two to four weeks.

But it was also way better than healing from pregnancy and childbirth.

7. What surprised you the most about your experience?

The waiting room was a really friendly environment. Many of the other patients shared their stories of how they got there. Most were mothers already, and some had gotten an abortion before. It was comforting to be in a safe, open place with the other patients.

8. Did you tell your friends and family?

Yes to friends, no to family. I’m lucky because everyone who I told about my pregnancy and abortion was supportive.

9. Did you become depressed/become an alcoholic/get breast cancer? Are you infertile now?

No, no, no, and I’m pretty sure no. The idea that abortion causes mental health issues, breast cancer, or any physical side effect that isn’t also a side effect of childbirth is patently false.

10. What was the worst part of the whole thing?

The worst part of my abortion wasn’t the abortion; it was being pregnant. I didn’t realize how much an unexpected pregnancy would affect my day-to-day life: I was exhausted, my breasts were sore, and my emotions were out of control. I imagine it might be a different experience for people who actually want to be pregnant, but it was a nightmare for me.

I’ve been an advocate for abortion access all of my adult life.

But after going through the experience of terminating a pregnancy myself, I feel an even stronger enthusiasm for this fight. Now it makes me even angrier to see politicians vilify women for the decisions they make about their own bodies. Because these are our unique bodies, and solutions aren’t one-size-fits-all.

How can we keep fighting for this? I believe the first step is for us to keep talking about abortion publicly because there is power in sharing our experiences with the world.

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Online Creeps Lead Fashion Designers to Call Time on Cleavage

British Vogue says that fashionable women should no longer be flashing cleavageespecially when doing so arouses so much rude comment on social media.


Is cleavage over? Kim Kardashian West and her clan members may disagree, but thats certainly the view of British Vogue.

The venerable fashion bible proposes, in a provocative feature in its December issue, that, Suddenly cleavage feels wrong, and that all the cool girls are braless (Alia Shawkat at the Emmys) adding, the amount of skin there is on show is an indicator of how little power you really have.

Its a bold claim; the magazine says that social mediawhich many of us might have assumed would have desensitized us all completely to any aspect of eroticahas actually played a powerful part in the doing down of dcolletage.

The magazine argues that covering up cleavage on the red carpet and at other occasions minimizes the risk of being harassed for celebrities who have millions of Instagram followers.

The stylist Elizabeth Saltzman is quoted by Vogue as saying of one of her clients, On those occasions where her cleavage is more visible, I see what happens on her Instagram feeds afterwards, and out of 100,000 comments, 90,000 will be about her boobs. Thats not healthy, its creepy.

Fashion editors were unanimous in telling the Daily Beast that Vogue is spot-on.

Maureen Callahan, a fashion writer and fashion editor at the New York Post, said, In fashion, the pendulum always swings. Donna Karan made shoulders an erogenous zone back in the 90s. Exposed wrists and ankles on women were once considered suggestive.

The perceived backlash against ample cleavage may be the beginnings of a shift away from beauty standards definedand all too often deformedby implants, fillers, toxins and plastics that so many social media stars, many not even near age 30, have used in what seems a Sisyphean quest to reach some kind of perfection.

Indeed, a recent article in the New York Times reported on the growing phenomenon of women going flat after mastectomies and choosing not to reconstruct their breasts.

Vogue observes that many high fashion labels renowned for their ample displays have this year sent out girl after girl with legs, midriffs and cut-outs on show but no cleavage.

It said this was a clear sign, Somethings up. Or more pertinently, not up.

Sandra Ellis, a British fashion consultant who has been on the inside track of the industry in a career spanning several decades, told The Daily Beast, Once upon a time, models adorned the fashion pages of magazines and ad campaigns. Nowadays we have become so celebrity obsessed that only a movie star can allure us into purchasing a product.

I was thrilled to read that Vogue has declared the dcolletage over. Reality TV shows have given birth to an incredibly vulgar generation of stars. Their ample cleavage is constantly on display and leaves nothing to the imagination. A subtle shoulder or an enviable leg tease is far more erotic.

Ellis does point out, however, that it is actually the pro-cleavage climate of recent years that it is historically aberrant.

I think we have always been fascinated with the female form, but, in fashion, the long, lean body shape has usually prevailed, Ellis says. Yes, in the 80s and 90s, when designers such as Gianni Versace and Dolce & Gabbana reigned supreme, the curvier body shape of supermodels such as Helena Christensen and Karen Mulder was preferred, but, generally speaking, clothes simply hang better on women that are flatter chested.

Another fashion editor, speaking anonymously, told the Daily Beast: Basically flashing your boobs has come to be seen as tacky again. Theres nothing classy about the way Kim Kardashian exposes herself on Instagram. Its not a prudish thing, its just gross and tacky, andthank godweve have had enough of it.

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